Tag Archives: Cummins Diesel Maintenance

The Right Way to Fix a Cummins Head Gasket

Head gasket failures don’t happen often, but when they do, they require action.  Replacement of a head gasket on a Cummins Turbo Diesel engine is relatively straightforward, and not unlike the same job on any other diesel or gasoline engine.  The main difference is the size of the cylinder head on the Cummins – it’s big and heavy, and will require the use of an engine hoist or other lifting device to remove from the vehicle.

A head gasket, as the name implies, is the seal between the cylinder head, which sits atop the engine, and the engine block itself.  The main purpose of this seal is to keep the engine coolant, which needs to circulate through both the block and head, inside the special passages, called water jackets, that allow it to pass from one to the other.  When the gasket fails, coolant will leak either to the outside of the engine, or into the cylinders themselves, where it will boil off and some out the tailpipe as steam.

A brave DIY mechanic, with some experience and the right tools, can usually handle the job.  Warning – this is not a morning’s work.  The uninitiated can expect to spend more than a day under the hood of the truck.

Removal

There are a number of attachments to the engine that will have to be removed, including the turbocharger, the exhaust manifolds, and the intake manifold.  There is a proper sequence for removal of the head nuts from their studs.  All nuts bolts should be labeled and kept organized for reinstallation.  Now is a good time to replace the studs with higher quality aftermarket ones. ARP studs from American Racing Products are standard.

Lifting the head off the engine block will require an engine hoist, and often some good persuasion, as the existing gasket might hold them together.

Replacing the Gasket

The mating surface between the head and the block needs to be thoroughly cleaned, with care taken not to get debris into the cylinders.  A vacuum can be used to remove anything that falls in.

Reinstalling the Head

Replacement is the reverse of removal.  Once the head is torqued down (be very aware of the specific order and torque specifications) the valve lash must be set – relatively complex procedure that involves rotating the engine by hand, and checking the clearance on the rocker arms from the valve stems before tightening them.

If you need your head gasket replaced or any other work done to your diesel vehicle, visit IamDIESEL Diesel Service Centre, the service branch of Western Turbo, Winnipeg’s premier diesel centre.

RV Maintenance Tips for The Cummins Diesel

Nothing can put a damper on that cross-country RV trip to see the grand-kids, like engine troubles in the middle of nowhere. Your Cummins diesel engine was built to give you hundreds of thousands of trouble-free miles on the road – provided you kick in a little TLC along the way.

Here are a few suggested precautions you can take to ensure your travel plans do indeed go as planned:

1. Idle Worship is a Sin – While it’s a good idea to let your Cummins diesel engine idle for about 10 seconds before take-off in normal weather conditions, you can avoid problems like overheating and carbon build-up by otherwise keeping the idling to a minimum.

2. Proper Diet is Essential – Yes, your engine needs to watch what it eats (or drinks) just like you. Keep a list handy of the recommended replacement parts and fluids for you Cummins. Avoid bargains if they mean straying from those prescribed for your engine model.

3. Take Her Temperature – Cummins recommends operating your engine under light load until the coolant temperature reaches 150 degrees.

4. Check Your Oil, Mister? – The suggested interval for changing the oil in your Cummins can vary with the model anywhere from 15,000 – 18,000 miles. Bear in mind that if your RV has been sitting in the driveway since last year’s trip to the Grand Canyon, you’ll want to replace that oil regardless of mileage. Always change the oil filter whenever you replace the oil.

Stay on top of your Cummins diesel RV’s maintenance schedule, keep accurate service records, and you’ll save yourself time for the really important things – like figuring out how to open those photo files the grand-kids sent to your email.